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《闸控河流水文生态效应分析与调控》( 左其亭、梁士奎、陈豪、李冬锋 等 著. 科学出版社,2019.9)

 

        本书以闸坝数量众多、水资源和水环境问题较为突出的淮河流域一级支流沙颍河为例,系统介绍了闸控河流水文生态效应分析的理论基础、关键技术、野外实验、数学模型、多种调控与保障体系,是作者自2009年至2018年期间持续开展的沙颍河水文生态研究工作的系统总结,主要内容包括:(1)闸控河流水文生态效应分析、水生态系统健康评价相关理论与方法研究;(2)闸控河流水量-水质-水生态多种实验研究;(3)闸控河流水量-水质-水生态多种模型研究;(4)闸控河流水量-水质-水生态多种调控研究及保障体系构建。本书介绍的多闸坝条件下河流水量-水质-水生态调控能力识别、水文生态效应实验与分析、调控模型构建及应用、水生态和谐调控、生态需水调控等内容,对于提高闸控河流水安全保障能力和水资源保护与水生态系统健康水平有着重要的参考价值。

 

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代表论文介绍1   

 

《基于模拟-优化的重污染河流闸坝群防污调控研究》( 左其亭,李冬锋. 水利学报,2013)

 

      针对重污染河流频发的水污染事件,以淮河流域重污染河流沙颍河上的闸坝群为研究对象,基于MIKE11软件的HD和AD模块,构建了多闸坝河流的一维水动力-水质模型。在此基础上,建立了闸坝群防污调控优化模型,并采用多目标遗传算法和模糊优选相结合的方法对模型求解,得到重污染河流闸坝群优化调控方案。在沙颍河的应用计算结果表明,所建立的模型能够有效地适用于淮河流域所开展的多闸坝水质水量联合调度,可为重污染河流开展闸坝模拟与防污调控研究提供技术支撑。

 

 

代表论文介绍2 

 

《Experimental analysis of the impact of sluice regulation on water quality in the highly polluted Huai River Basin, China》(Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 201)

 

      Impact assessment of sluice regulation on water quality is one of crucial task in the present river management. However, research difficulties remain because of insufficient insitu data and numerous influencing factors in aquatic environments. The Huaidian Sluice, the main control sluice of the Shaying River, China, was selected for this study. Three field experimental programs were designed and carried out to analyze spatial and temporal variations in water quality parameters under various sluice regulation conditions, and to explore the impacts of regulation mechanisms on water quality. Monitoring data were used to simulate water quality under different scenarios by the water quality analysis simulation program (WASP). Results demonstrate that the influences of sluice regulation on permanganate index (CODMn) and ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) concentrations (indicators of water quality) were complex and nonlinear, and presented different trends of increase or decrease from different regulation modes. Gate openings of different widths and different flow rates affected CODMn and NH4-N concentrations differently. Monitoring results and numerical simulation results indicate that the sluice opening should be small. Flow discharge through the sluice should be greater than 10 m3s, and less than 60 m3s to maintain low CODMn concentrations, and discharge should be low (e.g., 14 m3s) to maintain low NH4-N concentrations. This research provides an experimental basis for further research on the construction of water quality models and for the development of reasonable regulations on water quality and quantity.

 

 

代表论文介绍3    

 

《沙颍河流域主要参数与自然地理特征》(左其亭 等,水利水电技术,2016)

 

      沙颍河是淮河最大的支流,同时是污染最严重的支流。沙颍河流域人口密度大,工业化程度高,具有多闸坝、高污染、人类活动密集的显著特征。然而,从目前的研究现状看,流域边界、面积、河流长度等主要参数尚无系统的梳理,基于自然地理分区的流域特征研究尚属空白。基于此,从地理学的角度,借助地理信息技术和统计学方法,结合实地调研,系统梳理流域主要参数;基于地形地貌、水文气象、土地利用和土壤数据,运用聚类分析、叠加处理等技术方法,将流域划分为3个一级自然地理区和13个二级自然地理亚区。在分区的基础上,对流域主要自然地理特征进行总结。研究成果对管理部门因地制宜的实行流域差别性管理具有重要的参考价值。

 

 

 

代表论文介绍4  

 

《Quantitative research on the water ecological environment of dam-controlled rivers: case study of the Shaying River, China》(Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2019)

 

      Abstract: To solve the contradiction between regulation and protection of the water ecological environment in a dam-controlled river, it is necessary to identify the main influencing factors of that environment and the interactions between the water quantity, quality and ecology. In this paper, the redundancy analysis (RDA) technique is used to identify the key influencing factors of water eco-environment in the Shaying River, China. The multivariate nonlinear quantization method is used to quantify the interactive relationship between water quantity, water quality and water ecology, and a quantitative model of the dam-controlled river eco-environment is constructed. The results show the relative importance of the various environmental factors. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index is used to assess phytoplankton, zooplankton and benthos (P-SWI, Z-SWI and B-SWI, respectively). The R2 of the quantization models for P-SWI, Z-SWI and B-SWI in the fitting phase were 0.81, 0.72 and 0.66, respectively, and, in the validation phase, they were 0.36, 0.30 and 0.41, respectively. The results of this study can provide reference and support for the environmental regulation of dam-controlled rivers..

 

 

 

 论文免费下载

 

1. 左其亭,罗增良,石永强,甘容,刘静,陈豪. 沙颍河流域主要参数与自然地理特征[J]. 水利水电技术,2016, 47(12):66~72 点击全文免费下载    

2. Qiting Zuo, Chunhui Han, Jing Liu, Jialu Li, and Wen Li. Quantitative research on the water ecological environment of dam-controlled rivers: case study of the Shaying River, China. [J] Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2019, 64(16): 1-12.  点击全文免费下载

    

论文列表

1.  左其亭,高洋洋,刘子辉. 闸坝对重污染河流水质水量作用规律的分析与讨论[J],资源科学,2010322):261-266

2.  ZUO Qiting, LIANG Jingjing and DOU Ming. Regionalization Methodology Systems of Aquatic Ecosystems in China and the Case Study of Huaihe River Basin. Journal of Resources and Ecology, 2010, 1(4): 375-382

3.  左其亭,刘子辉,窦明,高军省. 闸坝对河流水质水量影响评估及调控能力识别研究框架,《南水北调与水利科技》,201192):18-21

4.  左其亭,李冬锋. 重污染河流闸坝防污限制水位研究[J],水利水电技术,2013441):22-26

5.  左其亭,李冬锋. 基于模拟-优化的重污染河流闸坝群防污调控研究[J].水利学报,2013448:979-986

6.  左其亭,陈豪,张永勇. 淮河中上游水生态健康影响因子及其健康评价[J].水利学报,2015469:1019-1027

7.  Qiting Zuo, Hao Chen, Ming Dou, Yongyong Zhang, Dongfeng Li. Experimental analysis of the impact of sluice regulation on water quality in the highly polluted Huai River Basin, China [J]. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2015, Vol. 187, (7): 45001-45015.

8.  左其亭,刘静,窦明. 闸坝对河流水生态环境影响特征分析[J]. 水科学进展,201627(3): 439-447

9.  Zuo Qiting, Liang Shikui. Assessment of Hydrologic Alterations Associated with Water Projects in Shaying River, China [J]. International Journal of Simulation: Systems, Science and Technology, 2016, 17(13): 121–127.

10.    左其亭,梁士奎. 基于水文情势分析的闸控河流生态需水调控模型研究[J]. 水力发电学报,20163512: 70-76

11.    左其亭,罗增良,石永强,甘容,刘静,陈豪. 沙颍河流域主要参数与自然地理特征[J]. 水利水电技术,2016, 47(12)66~72

12.    左其亭,陈豪,张永勇*,窦明,刘静. 淮河中上游轮虫群落结构分析及水质评价[J]. 环境工程学报,201711(1)165-173.

13.    Qiting Zuo, Chunhui Han, Jing Liu, Jialu Li, and Wen Li. Quantitative research on the water ecological environment of dam-controlled rivers: case study of the Shaying River, China. [J] Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2019, 64(16): 1-12.

 

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实时报道

1. 于2010年起系统开展闸坝对污染河流水质水量生态影响作用实验、模拟及调控的研究。

2. 于2011年首次提出河湖水系连通理论体系框架,并陆续开展了相关方面的深入研究。

3. 于2013年提出基于模拟-优化的重污染河流闸坝群防污调控模型。

4. 于2015年提出基于人水和谐调控的水环境综合治理体系,包括理论体系、技术体系、工程体系、投资体系、制度体系、监控体系、管理体系、文化体系共八个方面,简称“水环境综合治理‘八大体系’”。

5. 于2019年起系统研究水资源空间均衡理论方法,提出了水资源空间均衡的概念及研究框架[1]、应用规则和量化方法。

6. 于2021年首次提出水生态健康的3个判别准则,构建了水生态健康5层级划分体系,并分析其各层级的目标和协同保障理念,建立了水生态健康保障体系框架。

 

关键词

淮河(Huaihe River) 

生态保护(ecological protection)

水闸(闸坝):dam

水闸调度:dam operation

污染河流: polluted river 

调控能力:regulation ability 

人水和谐(human-water harmony; harmony relationship between human-water system) 

水安全(water security)

河湖水系连通:Interconnected River System Network; interconnection of river-lake water system

水资源空间均衡: water resources spatial equilibrium

水生态健康:water ecological health

 

 

 

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